Accession Number : ADA194890

Title :   Trace Analysis and Spatial Reasoning: An Example of Intensive Cognitive Diagnosis and Its Implications for Testing.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : PITTSBURGH UNIV PA LEARNING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER

Personal Author(s) : Ohlsson, Stellan

PDF Url : ADA194890

Report Date : Sep 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 73

Abstract : Recent theoretical developments in cognitive psychology imply both a need and possibility for methodological development. In particular, the theory of problem solving proposed by Allen Newell and Herbert A. Simon provides a rationale for a new empirical method that here will be called trace analysis. A detailed example is presented in which trace analysis is applied to human performance on a spatial reasoning task. The relations between trace analysis, on the one hand, and the psychometric ideas of measurement and standardization, on the other are discussed. A non-psychometric approach to standardized testing, called theory referenced test construction, is proposed. The main idea of theory referenced test construction is that test items should be validated against computer implemented information processing models for the relevant cognitive functions.

Descriptors :   *PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, COGNITION, DIAGNOSIS(GENERAL), FUNCTIONS, INFORMATION PROCESSING, METHODOLOGY, MODELS, PROBLEM SOLVING, REASONING, STANDARDIZATION, TEST AND EVALUATION, TEST CONSTRUCTION(PSYCHOLOGY), THEORY, TRACER STUDIES

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE