Accession Number : ADA195404

Title :   Analysis of Radiation Exposure for Military Participants. Exercises Desert Rock 1, 2, and 3 - Operation Buster-Jangle.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept., 24 Dec 86-22 Dec 87

Corporate Author : SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORP MCLEAN VA

Personal Author(s) : Barrett, M ; Goetz, J ; Klemm, J ; Ortlieb, E ; Thomas, C

PDF Url : ADA195404

Report Date : 22 Dec 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : Radiation doses to observers, maneuver troops, technical projects, and support units for Exercises Desert Rock I, II, and III are reconstructed for each applicable shot of Operation Buster-Jangle (1951). Residual radiation doses are calculated from the characterized radiation environments and the activity scenarios of the participants. Uncertainties are determined from the variances of each parameter used in the calculations. Exposure to initial radiation was negligible, but the 50-year bone dose commitment from exposure to internal emitters was significant for some personnel due to the type and duration of activities in the resuspendible debris from the surface and underground shots (Sugar and Uncle). Calculated mean film badge equivalent doses for the Desert Rock exercises ranged up to 0.53 rem for observers, 0.08 rem for maneuver troops, and about 3.6 rem for a Desert Rock III engineer (Shot Uncle). Exposure of support units, if personnel had not been rotated, could have led to mean doses ranging to 3.7 rem. Internal doses were as high as 2.9 rem bone dose commitment for Desert Rock II ordinance and engineer evaluators at Shot Sugar who also returned to the site (in 1952) after the operation for final evaluation of test equipment, and 2.2 rem for engineer recovery and restoration personnel in 1952. Keywords: Exposure(Physiology); Ionizing radiation; Dosage; Radiation hazards.

Descriptors :   *IONIZING RADIATION, *RADIATION DOSAGE, *EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY), *NUCLEAR EXPLOSION TESTING, BONES, EMITTERS, ENGINEERS, ENVIRONMENTS, INTERNAL, MANEUVERS, MILITARY PERSONNEL, OBSERVERS, RADIATION, RADIATION HAZARDS, RECOVERY, RESIDUALS, SCENARIOS, SUGARS, TEST AND EVALUATION, TEST EQUIPMENT, TIME, UNDERGROUND EXPLOSIONS, SURFACE BURST

Subject Categories : Nuclear Weapons
      Radiobiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE