Accession Number : ADA197894

Title :   Preliminary Results of the 1983 Coordinated Aircraft - Doppler Weather Radar Turbulence Experiment. Volume 1.

Descriptive Note : Project rept.,

Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB

Personal Author(s) : Lee, Yean ; Paradis, Albert R. ; Klingle-Wilsom, Diane

Report Date : 26 JUL 1988

Pagination or Media Count : 75

Abstract : This report presents results of analyses of coordinated radar-aircraft data acquired form the 1983 experiment conducted at Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts. The objective of the experiment is to assess and validate the current NEXRAD algorithms for estimating aircraft turbulence from volume-scanned Doppler weather observations. Estimates of the turbulence severity index epsilon to the 1/3 power (a quantity used by NEXRAD) computed from radar and aircraft data are presented as a time series along each aircraft track. The radar point estimates of turbulence were averaged horizontally and vertically to yield layered Cartesian maps such as are intended for use by real time ATC controllers and pilots. The derived gust velocity (Ude), also used to indicate the intensity of aircraft encountered turbulence, was computed so that comparisons could be made of the turbulence intensity scales inferred from values of epsilon and U sub de. These quantitative comparisons indicate that for the turbulence generally encountered during the flights, both radar and aircraft estimates of epsilon to the 1/3 power significantly overstate the severity of turbulence as reported by the aircraft pilot. The data analysis also shows that radar-based estimates of epsilon to the 1/3 power, often significantly exceeded aircraft based estimates of epsilon to the 1/3 power. In contrast, the quantity U sub e underestimates the aircraft reported turbulence intensity on all the flights. The uncertainty as to operationally useful thresholds for radar epsilon to the 1/3 power, aircraft epsilon to the 1/3 power and U sub de is discussed as is the use of spectrum width as a turbulence indicator. (FR)

Descriptors :   *METEOROLOGY, *TURBULENCE, AIRCRAFT, ALGORITHMS, DATA PROCESSING, ESTIMATES, GUSTS, INDICATORS, INTENSITY, PILOTS, RADAR, REAL TIME, SCALE, SPECTRA, TIME SERIES ANALYSIS, VELOCITY, WEATHER.

Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Active & Passive Radar Detection & Equipment

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE