Accession Number : ADA202088

Title :   Evaporation Effects on the Mediterranean Sea Mixed Layer Dynamics

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Turker, Ahmet

PDF Url : ADA202088

Report Date : Sep 1988

Pagination or Media Count : 72

Abstract : The OPBL (Oceanic Planetary Boundary Layer) model is used to determine the relative effects of the seasonally varying surface fluxes of heat, salt and momentum on the seasonal thermocline and mixed layer in the Mediterranean Sea. Three combinations of surface forcing are tested to find their contributions to mixing. In the first case free convection forcing and, in the second case wind forced convection and buoyancy flux due only to heat are considered to determine their individual effects on the mixed layer deepening. Then in the third case both free and wind forced convections are applied to the model in order to determine their combined effect on the mixed layer depth. As a result, evaporation is shown to have a significant impact on the mixed layer deepening and on the temperature and salinity structure of the seasonal pycnocline. It has been shown that deepening due to evaporation exceeds the deepening due to wind stress between October and January. In the late winter the strong, cold, dry winds from North to Northwest (Mistral, Tramontane) causes forced convection which exceeds the deepening due to evaporation at this time of the year. Theses.

Descriptors :   *EVAPORATION, *MEDITERRANEAN SEA, *MIXED LAYER(MARINE), AIR WATER INTERACTIONS, BOUNDARY LAYER, BUOYANCY, CONVECTION, DEPTH, FLUX(RATE), HEAT, HEAT FLUX, LAYERS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, MIXING, MOMENTUM, SALINITY, SEASONAL VARIATIONS, STRESSES, SURFACES, THERMOCLINES, THESES, WIND, WINTER

Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE