Accession Number : ADA234658

Title :   Smoking, Exercise, and Physical Fitness

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.

Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s) : Conway, Terry L. ; Cronan, Terry A.

PDF Url : ADA234658

Report Date : 30 NOV 1990

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : Research on smoking and physical activity provides strong evidence of smoking's negative impact and physical activity's positive impact on long-term health. However, evidence is lacking on the association between smoking and spontaneous exercise activity and the independent effects of these factors on physical fitness. The present study examined these factors in 3,045 Navy personnel. Smoking was clearly associated with lower exercise levels and lower physical endurance (cardiorespiratory and muscular) even after controlling for exercise. Smoking was not related to overall body strength (lean body mass) nor percent body fat after controlling for exercise. These findings suggests that both the direct and indirect links among smoking, exercise, and physical fitness should be explored in model's examining health.

Descriptors :   *PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, *PHYSICAL FITNESS, *EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY), *TOBACCO SMOKING, HEALTH, STRENGTH(PHYSIOLOGY), LONG RANGE(TIME), LOW LEVEL, ADIPOSE TISSUE.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE