Accession Number : ADA236703
Title : An Analysis of Base Isolation Design Issues for Navy Essential Construction.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 89-Mar 91,
Corporate Author : NAVAL CIVIL ENGINEERING LAB PORT HUENEME CA
Personal Author(s) : Ferritto, John
Report Date : APR 1991
Pagination or Media Count : 200
Abstract : Base isolation (isolation of the columns of building using spring-damper systems) was found to offer significant potential for reduction of damage to essential Navy structures. This report review the principles of base isolation and presents site selection criteria. A design procedure for use of isolators on Navy mission essential construction was formulated. A detailed analysis of an isolated structure shows the significance of the isolator's nonlinear hysteretic behavior. Linear analysis techniques may underestimate structure displacements by 50 percent, and moments by 15 percent. Vertical acceleration effects which are usually neglected increase moments by about 15 percent. Simplified linear models of isolation, such as required by a response spectra analysis neglect the hysterisis of the isolator. A nonlinear analysis must be used to predict structure displacements. A single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) representation of the structure on isolators was found to be highly accurate in predicting displacements, and yet simple enough to include in the design criteria. Use of only linear response techniques is not adequate.
Descriptors : ACCELERATION, DAMAGE, DISPLACEMENT, HYSTERESIS, ISOLATION, LINEAR SYSTEMS, LINEARITY, MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, METHODOLOGY, MISSIONS, MOMENTS, NAVY, NONLINEAR ANALYSIS, NONLINEAR SYSTEMS, REDUCTION, REPORTS, RESPONSE, SIMPLIFICATION, SITE SELECTION, SPECTRA, STRUCTURES, VERTICAL ORIENTATION.
Subject Categories : Civil Engineering
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE