Accession Number : ADA247650

Title :   Overview of Processes Affecting Contaminant Release from Confined Disposal Facilities.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ASCI CORP ATHENS GA

Personal Author(s) : Martin, James L. ; McCutcheon, Steven C.

Report Date : JAN 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 60

Abstract : Confined disposal facilities (CDFs) are widely used for the disposal of dredged material from Corps of Engineers maintenance dredging projects along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts and waterways and harbors in the Great Lakes. CDFs are a less common disposal alternative along the Pacific coast and inland river systems. When contaminated dredged material is placed in the CDF, there is a potential for contaminant mobilization and release from the CDF by a variety of physical, chemical, and biological processes. This report provides an overview of the processes affecting mobilization and release of contaminants from CDFs and the potential applicability of multimedia models for prediction of contaminant release. Processes affecting release from in-water CDFs are emphasized, although many of the processes discussed are applicable to nearshore and upland CDFs. Processes affecting contaminant release are complex, involving a variety of chemicals and operational and design considerations. Many of the important processes are reasonably well known. Laboratory column settling and elutriate techniques have been developed to estimate solids and contaminant concentration in water directly released during hydraulic disposal operations. Predictive techniques for other processes are not as available.

Descriptors :   BIOLOGY, CHEMICALS, COASTAL REGIONS, CONCENTRATION(COMPOSITION), CONFINEMENT(GENERAL), CONTAMINANTS, CONTAMINATION, DISPOSAL, DREDGED MATERIALS, DREDGING, ENGINEERS, FACILITIES, GREAT LAKES, GULFS, HARBORS, HYDRAULICS, LABORATORIES, MAINTENANCE, MEDIA, MOBILIZATION, MODELS, PACIFIC OCEAN, PREDICTIONS, RELEASE, RIVERS, SOLIDS, WATER, WATERWAYS.

Subject Categories : Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE