Accession Number : ADA261333

Title :   Optimization of an Analytical Method for Determining White Phosphorus in Contaminated Sediments,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH

Personal Author(s) : Taylor, Susan ; Walsh, Marianne E.

Report Date : DEC 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 18

Abstract : An analytical method was optimized to determine the concentration of white phosphorus (WP) in sediments contaminated by smoke munitions. The method uses isooctane as the extractant and a gas chromatograph as the determinative instrument. Both field-contaminated samples and spiked sediments were analyzed and results on the spiked samples indicate that the method has a better than 80% recovery rate for WP. The detection limit for the method is 0.88 microg/kg of soil. The WP recovery is sensitive to the water content of the sediments and to prolonged shaking. Fluidizing the wet sediments by adding water to saturated soil greatly increases WP recovery. Since field samples are contaminated with WP particles of various sizes, subsamples may not accurately represent the concentration of the sample as a whole.... Laboratory analysis, Sediment contamination, White phosphorus.

Descriptors :   *DETECTION, *WHITE PHOSPHORUS, *TEST METHODS, CHROMATOGRAPHS, CONTAMINATION, PARTICLES, PHOSPHORUS, RATES, RECOVERY, SATURATED SOILS, SEDIMENTS, SMOKE MUNITIONS, SOILS, WATER, TOXICITY.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE