Accession Number : ADA262057

Title :   Artificial Instruction. A Method for Relating Learning Theory to Instructional Design.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : PITTSBURGH UNIV PA LEARNING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER

Personal Author(s) : Ohlsson, Stellan

Report Date : SEP 1990

Pagination or Media Count : 55

Abstract : In the past, research on learning has been linked to instruction by the derivation of general principles of instructional design from learning theories. But such design principles are often difficult to apply to particular instructional issues. A new method for relating research on learning to instructional design is proposed: Different ways of teaching a particular topic can be evaluated by teaching that topic to a simulation model of learning and recording the complexity of the resulting learning processes. An application of this method to a traditional problem in mathematics education suggests that conceptual instruction in arithmetic causes more cognitive strain than mechanical instruction, contrary to a widely held belief in the mathematics education community. The advantages and disadvantages of the general method are discussed.... Arithmetic, Augmenting, Computer simulation, Instructional design, Learning theory, Regrouping, Subtraction, Understanding.

Descriptors :   *COGNITION, *LEARNING, *SIMULATION, ARITHMETIC, COMPUTERS, EDUCATION, INSTRUCTIONS, MATHEMATICS, MODELS, THEORY, INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Cybernetics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE