Accession Number : ADA262672

Title :   Measures of Situation Awareness: Review and Future Directions

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan 1990-Jan 1991

Corporate Author : LOGUE (GEORGE E) INC MONTOURSVILLE PA

Personal Author(s) : Fracker, Martin L.

PDF Url : ADA262672

Report Date : OCT 1991

Pagination or Media Count : 37

Abstract : Measures of situation awareness (SA), or what operators know about their immediate situation, are reviewed. Three major approaches to SA assessment are considered: explicit, implicit, and subjective rating. Explicit measures require operators to self-report material in conscious memory. Implicit measures assess the influence of relevant events on subsequent task performance. Subjective ratings require operators to assign numerical values to the self- assessed quality of their SA. These three measurement approaches are evaluated in terms of their reliability and three kinds of validity: construct, content, and criterion. Several problems requiring further research are identified and discussed. In particular, reliability and content validity continue to present serious difficulties, some of which suggest that new approaches to SA measurement may still be needed.... Attention, Reliability, Situation awareness, Memory probe, Signal detection theory, Subjective measures, Mental workload, Validity.

Descriptors :   *SIGNAL PROCESSING, *VALIDATION, *MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), *RELIABILITY, *MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS, *OPERATORS(PERSONNEL), *ATTENTION, *AWARENESS, MEASUREMENT, DETECTION, AIR FORCE RESEARCH, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), THEORY, SURVEYS, SIGNALS, RATINGS.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE