Accession Number : ADA263888

Title :   The Reserve Component Role in the Total Force.

Descriptive Note : Study project,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Laurich, Jon S.

Report Date : 30 MAR 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 33

Abstract : The Total Force Army of today is made up of both Active and Reserve Component forces. This concept was developed in the early 1970's by then-Army Chief of Staff Abrams. His plan was to integrate the Reserve Components into the Active Army force structure. Fully integrating the Reserve Components into the force structure was done for two reasons: First, it was the only way we could build a force that would present a credible counter to the Warsaw Pact; and second, it would ensure the country never again went to war without the Reserves. Out of this grew the roundout concept where Reserve Component forces, specifically the National Guard, rounded out the force structure of active duty units. This system worked well until the Gulf War, when these roundout units did not deploy with their parent active duty unit. Rather, they went to the National Training Center for postmobilization training and did not go to the Gulf. Since that time there has been an on-going debate on the role of the Reserve Components in the Total Army. Now, with budget considerations, domestic priorities, and a changing world situation forcing a Department of Defense-wide review of roles and missions, this debate is even more timely. This study looks at the history of the Total Force and argues that a thorough, unemotional review of the Total Force of the future is needed. It further argues that both Components have key roles to play in this Force. But the size of that role must be based on readiness and capability; and not on force structure, politics, or service parochialism.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCE LEVELS, *MILITARY RESERVES, ACTIVE DUTY, ARMY, BUDGETS, COUNTERS, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, DOMESTIC, GULFS, HISTORY, MISSIONS, NATIONAL GUARD, RECREATION, STRUCTURES, TIME, TRAINING, ACTIVE DUTY.

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE