Accession Number : ADA274344
Title : Passive and Active Behavior of the Cardiovascular System Under Increased Gravitational Loads in a Chronically Instrumental Conscious Baboon Model.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Feb 91-1 Jun 93,
Corporate Author : SYSTEMS RESEARCH LABS INC DAYTON OH
Personal Author(s) : Self, David A. ; White, Curtis D. ; Owens, Richard W. ; Fanton, John W. ; Latham, Ricky D.
Report Date : NOV 1993
Pagination or Media Count : 27
Abstract : Simultaneous recordings of right atrial, left atrial, left ventricular (LV) and aortic pressure (AOP), aortic root flow and LV dimensions were recorded in chronically instrumented baboons at rest and undergoing centrifugation that mimicked military aviation acceleration environments. We separated the early and late hemodynamic responses to increased +Gz loads during acceleration using a rapid onset-rapid return (ROR) (>4.5G/S) centrifugation protocol. +Gz onset resulted in immediate changes in vascular pressure from hydrostatic effects, followed by passive shifting of blood volume to dependent regions causing declines in systemic pressure above the hydrostatic indifference point (HIP) and in venous return. Stroke volume (SV) and mean cardiac power output fell. Distending carotid level pressure routinely fell during acceleration to levels well outside threshold values previously reported for carotid baroreflex function. Active compensation consisted of increases in heart rate, AOP and decreases in aortic flow. Previous +Gz load history had enormous impact on blood pressure regulation during increased +Gz loads and on baseline pressures existing prior to exposure to a second +Gz onset. Animals exposed to a conditioning run that saturated their short-term pressure regulatory mechanisms 5 min before a second +Gz exposure, displayed significantly higher mean aortic root pressures and consistently overshot their baseline operating points during centrifugation. We conclude that hemodynamic consequences of rapid-onset acceleration are extremely complex and may provide conflicting error signal information during compensatory adjustments. Baroreflex, Initial hemodynamic responses, Centrifuge, Late hemodynamic responses, Hypergravity, Military aviation environments.
Descriptors : *BABOONS, *CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, *GRAVITATIONAL FIELDS, ACCELERATION, ANIMALS, BLOOD PRESSURE, BLOOD VOLUME, CENTRIFUGES, COMPENSATION, ENVIRONMENTS, ERRORS, FLOW, FUNCTIONS, HEART RATE, HIP, HISTORY, HYDROSTATICS, IMPACT, MEAN, OUTPUT, POWER, PRESSURE, REGIONS, REGULATIONS, RESPONSE, REST, SHIFTING, SIGNALS, VALUE, VOLUME, ARMY AVIATION.
Subject Categories : Geodesy
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE