Accession Number : ADA275782

Title :   Correlation Between Actual and Perceived Job Alternatives and the Effect on Job Turnover.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTIC S

Personal Author(s) : Bubello, Robert P. ; Sersun, Kenneth C.

Report Date : SEP 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 70

Abstract : Retention has become a major issue facing all organizations, including the United States Air Force. Much effort has been expended trying to understand the reasons why employees voluntarily quit their jobs. In 1990 Barry Gerhart, of Cornell University, proposed a turnover model which included tenure, unemployment rates and cognitive ability as factors which influence the turnover decision. The purpose of this thesis was to validate Gerhart's model using turnover data from a sample set of 329 enlisted Air Force members up for reenlistment in 1984. This effort focused on four hypotheses: (1) Unemployment rates and cognitive ability will significantly affect an individual's perceived alternatives. (2) Perceived alternatives will be correlated with a member's intention to stay, which will then be correlated with his/her turnover decision. (3) The unemployment rate will be correlated with turnover decisions. (4) Tenure will be correlated with both intention to stay and voluntary turnover. The results showed support for cognitive ability as a predictor of perceived alternatives and for Hypothesis 2 Neither unemployment rates nor tenure were found to be predictors of the dependant variables. Recommendations for future research and a discussion of the limitations of this effort are also included. Job analysis, Job turnover, Unemployment, Perceived alternatives, Barry Gerhart.

Descriptors :   *AIR FORCE, *JOB ANALYSIS, *REENLISTMENT, *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, *PERSONNEL RETENTION, *DECISION MAKING, COGNITION, HYPOTHESES, JOBS, MODELS, ORGANIZATIONS, RATES, THESES, UNEMPLOYMENT, UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY, VARIABLES.

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Administration and Management

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE