Accession Number : ADA281823

Title :   Contact Theory and Morality in International Relations.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Ficarrotta, Joseph C.

Report Date : 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 308

Abstract : This dissertation seeks a grounding in contract theory for international moral rules. After a preliminary discussion of contract theory, I examine the approaches of Hobbes and Rawls, and try to extend them to include international obligations. I argue that Hobbes, and those who follow him closely, are caught in a dilemma. If the laws of nature apply between states, then states fo not provide us with adequate security and it is rational to work toward government. And this is incompatible with much of what Hobbes has to say. Otherwise, the laws of nature (and hence for Hobbes, the rules of morality) fo not apply between states. While this would be no embarrassment for a REALIst, it is nonetheless at odds with Hobbes's explicit assertions to the contrary. Rawl's approach fares far better, even though it relies on thicker normative assumptions to begin with. I reconstruct a Rawlsian justification of international morality, and defend it against criticism.

Descriptors :   *ETHICS, *CONTRACTS, *PHILOSOPHY, *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, *INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, THEORY, NATIONAL SECURITY, JUDGEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), THESES.

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Administration and Management
      Humanities and History
      Government and Political Science
      Economics and Cost Analysis

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE