Accession Number : ADA282387

Title :   The Persistence of External Interest in the Middle East.

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA

Personal Author(s) : Morris, Mary E.

Report Date : 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 116

Abstract : For more than 2,000 years, the Middle East has been a focus for the ambitions and strategic objectives of external powers. The last two centuries, in particular, have seen the entwining of Middle East dynamics with Great Power politics. As the source of one of the world's most vital resources, the Middle East has been perceived as a geographical asset, a trophy in the 19th century struggle for spheres of influence, an object of imperialism and colonialism, and an arena for superpower competition in the 20th century. The continual interference by external powers and the effects of their interventions have left indelible marks upon the region, precipitating attempts at ethnic, linguistic, and cultural unity among Arab tribes in opposition to interlopers while at the same time sowing seeds of nationalism that tend to drive these same groups apart.

Descriptors :   *INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, *MIDDLE EAST, ETHNIC GROUPS, LINGUISTICS, ECONOMICS, COLD WAR, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE