Accession Number : ADA288542

Title :   Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in U.S. Veterans of the Gulf War,

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Adler, Amy B.

PDF Url : ADA288542

Report Date : 15 FEB 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 3

Abstract : This brief report summarizes a study conducted jointly by the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) and the U.S. Army Medical Research Unit-Europe on stress-related symptoms among soldiers who deployed for Operation Desert Shield/Storm (ODS/S). Research methods include a survey conducted in November and December 1991, nine to ten months after the Gulf War, with 3,720 soldiers (Private to Staff Sergeant) and 544 leaders (Sergeant First Class to Lieutenant Colonel). Participants were asked about their combat experiences and current levels of symptoms and adjustment. Stress response was measured by the Impact of Event Scale and the Brief Symptom Inventory. Respondents were not assessed for PTSD, but they were asked about symptoms typically associated with the disorder. Results indicate that the majority of respondents report some PTS-related symptoms over the previous week: 69% report at least one intrusive symptom; 37% report at least three avoidance symptoms; and 46% report at least two arousal symptoms. Symptom risk was associated with exposure to dead or wounded casualties, particularly to U.S. casualties. The report concludes that soldiers of all ranks, especially leaders, should be aware that PTS symptoms are common following a wartime deployment.

Descriptors :   *WARFARE, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, *STRESS (PHYSIOLOGY), MILITARY OPERATIONS, EUROPE, IRAQ, ARMY RESEARCH, RISK, RESPONSE, CASUALTIES, INVENTORY, WOUNDS AND INJURIES, PATIENTS, MEDICAL SERVICES, MEDICAL RESEARCH, AVOIDANCE, PERSIAN GULF.

Subject Categories : Stress Physiology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE