Accession Number : ADA288735

Title :   In Situ XAFS Study of Oxides Formed on Nickel Thin Film Electrodes in KOH Solution.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL SURFACE WARFARE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD

Personal Author(s) : Mansour, A. N. ; Melendres, C. A.

PDF Url : ADA288735

Report Date : 05 DEC 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : The composition and structure of the oxides formed on nickel are of great interest for a number of technological applications, e.g., batteries and corrosion. In spite of the considerable research that has been done, there is still much uncertainty as to the stoichiometry and structure of the various oxides (hydroxides) that are formed during the anodic oxidation of the nickel. This is due largely to the highly disordered or amorphous nature of the phases formed which makes structural determination by X-ray diffraction difficult. X-ray absorption Fine Structure (XAFS) spectroscopy is an excellent technique for the characterization of such materials which have no long range order. In this paper, we present initial results of an "in situ" study of the structure and composition of the oxides (hydroxides) formed on Ni thin film electrodes in 5M KOH solution as a function of the applied potential.

Descriptors :   *SPECTROSCOPY, *THIN FILMS, *OXIDES, *ELECTRODES, *NICKEL, *X RAY ABSORPTION ANALYSIS, UNCERTAINTY, CORROSION, STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES, COMPOSITE MATERIALS, X RAY DIFFRACTION, ELECTROCHEMISTRY, ORDER DISORDER TRANSFORMATIONS, AMORPHOUS MATERIALS, OXIDATION, DETERMINATION, STOICHIOMETRY, ANODIC COATINGS, HYDROXIDES, POTASSIUM .

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE