Accession Number : ADA289122

Title :   The Anatomy of Discipline.

Descriptive Note : Monograph,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Donohue, Kevin S.

PDF Url : ADA289122

Report Date : 17 DEC 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 115

Abstract : This monograph reviews the functions, development and measurement of military discipline in the US Army, and assesses these concepts against the current needs and limitations of the modern battlefield and society. By relying primarily on existing literature dealing with military history, psychology, morale, leadership, and discipline, it is concluded that the concept of discipline, central to military thought and critique throughout history, is a complex, multifunctional amalgam of psychological and physical components. Military discipline is defined as a set of attributes which can be grouped into two complementary categories, each necessary to enhance a soldier's individual and collective combat effectiveness. The first category, DISCIPLINE B(ehavior), consists of the externally enforced or learned habitual behavioral responses functions of obedience, synergism, attention to detail, restraint, and stress resistance. The second category, DISCIPLINE A(ttitude), consists of voluntary, self-sustaining, value-based functions of courage, identification, internalization, and initiative. Discipline(B) is clearly necessary for soldiers, and may historically have been sufficient as well. However, Discipline(A) is also clearly necessary for US Army soldiers on the modern battlefield. Fortunately, the functions of Discipline(B) and Discipline(A) are complementary, and not mutually exclusive. The manner in which leaders can develop and maintain each type of discipline is considered. When measuring discipline in soldiers or units, most indicators point toward Discipline(B), since measuring Discipline(A) is much more difficult.

Descriptors :   *LEADERSHIP, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY, MEASUREMENT, MILITARY HISTORY, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, BATTLEFIELDS, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), MORALE, MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE