Accession Number : ADA289142

Title :   Without Coup D'oeil, but with Responsibility: Determining Tactical Centers of Gravity and Decisive Points.

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Ebel, Todd J.

PDF Url : ADA289142

Report Date : 17 DEC 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 67

Abstract : In 1986, the US Army introduced Carl von Clausewitz's concept of center of gravity in Field Manual 100-5-Operations (FM 100-5(Operations), and defined it as the "hub of all power and movement upon which everything depends." The manual explicitly stated that the concept was applicable at all levels of war. The 1993 revision of FM 100-5- Operations kept the concept of center of gravity; however, it suggested that it was not applicable at the tactical level of war. This study examines the relevance of Clausewitz's concept of center of gravity and Antoine Henri Jomini's concept of "Decisive Point" at the tactical level of war (according to FM 100-5-Operations, the two concepts are inextricably linked). It determines that the center of gravity is that source of power most critical to mission accomplishment. Decisive points grant a commander an opportunity to indirectly attack a center of gravity; thus, they provide a marked advantage. Both concepts are valid at the tactical level of war.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *ARMY OPERATIONS, WARFARE, MILITARY STRATEGY, ARMY TRAINING, THEORY, MISSIONS, MILITARY PUBLICATIONS, TACTICAL WARFARE, MANUALS, AIR LAND BATTLES.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Humanities and History
      Economics and Cost Analysis

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE