Accession Number : ADA289161

Title :   The Heavy Battalion Task Force in Mountainous Terrain: Are Current Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures Adequate?

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Pittard, Dana J.

PDF Url : ADA289161

Report Date : 02 DEC 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 68

Abstract : This study seeks to determine whether current tactics, techniques, and procedures for a heavy battalion task force conducting offensive operations in mountainous terrain are adequate. Many potential crisis spots where U.S. forces could deploy are in mountainous regions. Most potential enemy forces in mountainous areas have a significant armor capability. The study first defines the environment of mountain warfare and its relevance to a power projection force, such as the U.S. Army. Next, the theoretical foundations of offensive mountain warfare are applied by examining the theories of Jomini and Clausewitz. Then the study examines three historical examples: German armor in the Balkans (1941), U.S. armor operations in Italy (1944), and the use of Soviet armor in Afghanistan (1979-1988). Current tactics, techniques, and procedures for offensive operations in mountains are analyzed using historical observations and the elements of combat power from Field Manual 100-5, Operations. The study concludes that current tactics, techniques, and procedures for a heavy battalion task force.conducting offensive operations in mountainous terrain are inadequate. Changes to current tactics, techniques, and procedures are recommended. Implications on training and the organization of a heavy battalion task force are discussed.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *MOUNTAINS, *MILITARY TACTICS, USSR, ARMOR, MILITARY HISTORY, WARFARE, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, ENVIRONMENTS, MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), BATTALION LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, TASK FORCES, THEORY, ATTACK, TERRAIN, ITALY, TACTICAL ANALYSIS, ENEMY, POWER, ARMORED VEHICLES, GERMANY(EAST AND WEST), AFGHANISTAN.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE