Accession Number : ADA289174

Title :   The Value of Simulation for Training.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Sep 93-Apr 94,

Corporate Author : INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Orlansky, Jesse ; Dahlman, Carl J. ; Hammon, Colin P. ; Metzko, John ; Taylor, Henry L.

PDF Url : ADA289174

Report Date : SEP 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 173

Abstract : All types of simulation are considered: stand-alone, networked interactive simulation, live exercises, and combat models. The utility of simulation is examined for individual and collective training conducted at institutions and in operational units. Cost data are reported on individual training at schools, training technology, collective training in units, operating tempo, and procurement of simulation. Simulators used for flight training and maintenance training are cost-effective, compared to the use of actual equipment; the same is true for computer-based instruction. The acceptance and use of simulators depends heavily on the existence of adequate training programs, adequate performance feed-back, ability to replicate actual operating conditions, and user acceptance by unit commanders. Distributed interactive simulation is expected to make a major improvement in collective and joint training but it is too early to assess its utility. Suggestions are made with regard to the development of cost data needed for establishing policy on the use of simulation for training as well as for the support of technology needed to improve collective and joint training and joint readiness.

Descriptors :   *COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, *MILITARY TRAINING, *INTERACTIVE GRAPHICS, *COMPUTER AIDED INSTRUCTION, MAINTENANCE, SIMULATORS, LOGISTICS SUPPORT, WARFARE, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, SCHOOLS, JOB TRAINING, MODELS, TRAINING, FLIGHT TRAINING, OPERATIONAL READINESS, INTERACTIONS, COSTS, FEEDBACK, PROCUREMENT, USER NEEDS, MILITARY COMMANDERS, ACCEPTABILITY, INDIVIDUALIZED TRAINING.

Subject Categories : Computer Programming and Software
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE