Accession Number : ADA289334

Title :   Performance Characterization of a Highly-Offset Diffuser With and Without Blowing Vortex Generator Jets.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Senseney, Michael B.

PDF Url : ADA289334

Report Date : DEC 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 191

Abstract : The effect of blowing vortex generator jets (VGJs) on the performance of a highly-offset (s-duct) diffuser was investigated experimentally. VGJs are pitched, skewed jets which generate streamwise vortices as well as injecting high-momentum fluid into the boundary layer. Diffuser performance with and without VGJs was measured for an inlet Mach number of 0.6 (Re/x = l.27e7 per cm). Pitot static and hot-film instrumentation was used to measure flow properties at the diffuser inlet and exit planes. Without blowing, the flow on the lower surface of the diffuser was massively separated. Blowing at 0.48% mass flow ratio through three lower-surface VGJs reduced the size of the separated flow region, reduced the thickness of the boundary layer at the exit plane, increased pressure recovery by 1.3%, and increased the static pressure rise achieved in the diffuser by over 50%. Turbulence intensity, turbulent shear stress, and turbulent kinetic energy were reduced as well. Distortion of the exit plane flowfield increased with blowing.

Descriptors :   *JET ENGINE INLETS, *SUBSONIC DIFFUSERS, *VORTEX GENERATORS, PRESSURE GRADIENTS, MEASUREMENT, THICKNESS, PERFORMANCE(ENGINEERING), INTENSITY, FILMS, BOUNDARY LAYER, TURBULENCE, TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYER, VORTICES, SURFACES, FLOW FIELDS, SHEAR STRESSES, KINETIC ENERGY, INSTRUMENTATION, SEPARATION, FLOW, MACH NUMBER, STATICS, FLOW SEPARATION, DISTORTION, EXITS, STATIC PRESSURE, PITOT TUBES, BOUNDARY LAYER CONTROL.

Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics
      Jet and Gas Turbine Engines

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE