Accession Number : ADA289676

Title :   Sea and Sky Infrared Radiances Near the Horizon.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Apr-Jun 89,

Corporate Author : NAVAL OCEAN SYSTEMS CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s) : Hughes, Herbert G.

PDF Url : ADA289676

Report Date : JUN 1989

Pagination or Media Count : 29

Abstract : Atmospheric infrared (8-12-micron) radiances over the ocean were measured from a shore station by using a calibrated thermal imaging system (AGA THERMOVISION, Model 780). The Thermal Video Processor System (THERMOTEKNIX) available with the AGA allowed the mean equivalent blackbody temperatures corresponding to an area 1 degree above and 1 degree below the horizon in the scenes imaged to be determined during different meteorological and surface-wind-speed conditions. For this data set (18 thermograms), the mean sea temperatures differed the most from the mean cloud-free sky temperatures during low wind speed conditions. The differences were found to decrease with increasing wind speed. In contrast, the mean sea and sky temperatures measured during stratus cloud conditions were the same. The cloud-free data are used to evaluate background radiance algorithms, which must be used in the absence of radiometric measurements, to predict the performance of passive surveillance systems operating against airborne targets close to the horizon. Airborne measurements were made of the vertical profiles of meteorological parameters and sea surface temperatures determined during 12 of the AGA measurements. From these measurements, LOWTRAN 6 calculations of the mean sky temperatures were found to be in close agreement (correlation coefficient, r = 0.99) with the measured values. Calculated mean sea temperatures (using the Cox-Munk statistical wave slope model with the LOWTRAN code to account for the emissions and sky reflections from the individual wave facets) showed slightly more variations (r = 0.90) than the measurements.

Descriptors :   *INFRARED IMAGES, *MARINE METEOROLOGY, *THERMAL IMAGES, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, DATA BASES, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, ALGORITHMS, INFRARED DETECTION, IMAGE PROCESSING, OCEAN SURFACE, ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE, METEOROLOGICAL DATA, REGRESSION ANALYSIS, OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA, CORRELATION, RADIANCE, WIND VELOCITY, CALIBRATION, SKY, INFRARED RADIATION, BLACKBODY RADIATION, SURFACE TEMPERATURE, SEA WATER, RADIOMETRY, STRATUS CLOUDS, THERMOVISION.

Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Optics
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE