Accession Number : ADA290263

Title :   Refractive Changes during Prolonged Exposure to Altitude Following Refractive Surgery.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : MADIGAN ARMY MEDICAL CENTER TACOMA WA

Personal Author(s) : Mader, Thomas ; Blanton, Christopher L.

PDF Url : ADA290263

Report Date : 24 OCT 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : Results: 6 radial keratotomy patients (11 eyes), 6 photorefractive keratectomy patients (12 eyes) and 9 control myopes (17 eyes) had the following measured at sea level: cycloplegic and manifest refraction, kerntometry, and pachymetry both central and peripheral. Patients also had videokeratography performed prior to being taken to altitude. Subjects then had these same parameters measured daily at 14,110 feet on Pike's Peak, CO for 3 days. Radial keratotomy patients demonstrated a significant hyperopic shift and corneal flattening during exposure to altitude when compared to control myopic eyes. Patients who had undergone photorefractive kerntectometry did not demonstrate a statistically significant shift in refraction or keratometry when compared with control myopes. Significance: Anecdotal reports have shown hyperopic shifts in radial kerntotomy patients after exposure to altitude. We confirmed this in a study population. Photorefractive keratectomy patients do not appear to be susceptible to this refractive shift.

Descriptors :   *EYE, *SURGERY, *LASER MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS, EXPOSURE(GENERAL), POPULATION, SHIFTING, REFRACTION, PATIENTS, ALTITUDE, SEA LEVEL, RADIAL FLOW.

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Photography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE