Accession Number : ADA290367

Title :   Unsteadiness of Shock-Induced Turbulent Boundary Layer Separation. An Inherent Feature of Turbulent Flow or Solely a Wind Tunnel Phenomenon.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : TEXAS UNIV AT AUSTIN

Personal Author(s) : Dolling, D. S. ; Erengil, M. E.

PDF Url : ADA290367

Report Date : AUG 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 55

Abstract : The purpose of this work was to (I) examine separation shock wave unsteadiness in different turbulent interactions and determine whether a universal model describing the unsteadiness could be developed, and (II) determine whether or not the observed unsteadiness is a feature of turbulent flow in general, or is specific to the wind tunnel environment. To this end, wall and pitot pressure fluctuation measurements were made in interactions generated by unswept and 25 deg swept compression ramp models, and by 8 deg and 30 deg swept blunt-fin models in a high Reynolds number, Mach 5 turbulent boundary layer. It is clear that the high-frequency, jittery motion of the separation shock is the result of the passage through the wave of individual large-scale turbulent structures. Thus, this component of the unsteadiness is an inherent feature of all turbulent flows. The primary outstanding question concerns the cause of the low-frequency expansion/contraction of the separated flow which is characterized by the large-scale, long-duration excursions of the separation shock wave. Preliminary experimental work to address this question has revealed two very interesting, complementary results. First, there is a distinct correlation between large-scale expansion or contraction of the separated flow and long duration (i.e., low-frequency) falls or rises in pitot pressure in the incoming turbulent boundary layer. Second, results from the same experiment show that the ensemble-averaged pitot pressure at a fixed location in the incoming undisturbed boundary layer correlates with separation shock wave position.

Descriptors :   *TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYER, *FLOW SEPARATION, POSITION(LOCATION), HIGH RATE, INTERACTIONS, SHOCK WAVES, STRUCTURES, TURBULENCE, TURBULENT FLOW, POWER SPECTRA, PRESSURE MEASUREMENT, LONG RANGE(TIME), SHOCK, UNSTEADY FLOW, PITOT TUBES, WIND TUNNELS, REYNOLDS NUMBER, BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW, VARIABLE PRESSURE.

Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE