Accession Number : ADA290483

Title :   Macroprocesses and Adaptive Instruction.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Sep 82-Sep 86,

Corporate Author : CITY COLL NEW YORK

Personal Author(s) : Tobias, Sigmund

PDF Url : ADA290483

Report Date : NOV 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 206

Abstract : A paradigm for the unobtrusive monitoring of students' cognitive processing of instruction (macroprocessing) by microcomputer was developed for this project. The paradigni was used in four experiments that examined the types of processing students use during their reading of expository texts. The results indicated that students' voluntary use of macroprocesses and review was highly variable and ineffective. However, when the instructional system prescribed or prompted use of review if there was evidence of poor comprehension, or when an explanation of the value of review was provided, learning generally improved, especially for students with limited prior knowledge of the content. The implications of these results for further research are discussed. The findings also suggest that the paradigm can be used tp deliver cost- effective instruction to improve students' cognitive processing of reading and ultimately their comprehension. This project solved some of the programming, procedural, and technical problems encountered in developing a computer-based delivery system for such instruction.

Descriptors :   *COGNITION, *COMPUTER AIDED INSTRUCTION, *ADAPTIVE TRAINING, *MACROPROCESSORS, DATA PROCESSING, DELIVERY, STUDENTS, MONITORING, INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS, TEACHING METHODS, COSTS, COMPUTER APPLICATIONS, MICROCOMPUTERS, LEARNING, COMPREHENSION.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Computer Programming and Software

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE