Accession Number : ADA290568

Title :   Cylinder-Averaged Histories of Nitrogen Oxide in a D.I. Diesel with Simulated Turbocharging,

Corporate Author : WISCONSIN UNIV-MADISON ENGINE RESEARCH CENTER

Personal Author(s) : Donahue, Ronald J. ; Borman, Gary L. ; Bower, Glenn R.

PDF Url : ADA290568

Report Date : 20 OCT 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : An experimental study was conducted using the dumping technique (total cylinder sampling) to produce cylinder mass-averaged nitric oxide histories. Data were taken using a four stroke diesel research engine employing a quiescent chamber, high pressure direct ijection fuel system, and simulated turbocharging. Two fuels were used to determine fuel cetane number effects. Two loads were run, one at an equivalence ratio of 0.5 and the other at a ratio of 0.3. The engine speed was held constant at 1500 rpm. Under the turbocharged and retarded timing conditions of this study, nitric oxide was produced up to the point of about 85% mass burned. Two different models were used to simulate the engine mn conditions: the phenomenological Hiroyasu spray-combustion model, and the three dimensional, U.W.-ERO modified KIVA-lI computational fluid dynamic code. Both of the models predicted the correct nitric oxide trend. Although the modified KIVA-lI combustion model using Zeldovich kinetics correctly predicted the shapes of the nitric oxide histories, it did not predict the exhaust concentrations without arbitrary adjustment based on experimental values. (jg)

Descriptors :   *SIMULATION, *NITROGEN OXIDES, *DIESEL ENGINES, *CETANE NUMBER, *TURBOCHARGERS, RATES, TIME, FUELS, CYLINDRICAL BODIES, SAMPLING, PATTERNS, RETARDATION.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Hydraulic and Pneumatic Equipment
      Fuels
      Jet and Gas Turbine Engines

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE