Accession Number : ADA290645

Title :   Severe Edge Effects and Simple Complimentary Interior Solutions for Thin-Walled Anisotropic and Composite Structures.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Jan 91-31 Dec 94,

Corporate Author : VIRGINIA UNIV CHARLOTTESVILLE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Horgan, C. O. ; Simmonds, J. G.

PDF Url : ADA290645

Report Date : 31 DEC 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : Many useful thin-walled structures of interest to the U. S. Army, such as rifle barrels, automotive parts, rocket casings, helicopter blades, driveshafts, and containment vessels, are often constructed of layers of anisotropic, filament or fiber-reinforced materials. While many of these structures are subject to severe mechanical, inertial, or thermal loads, they often must be designed to remain elastic. This means that it is particularly important to be able to compute accurately global characteristics, such as buckling loads and natural frequencies, as well as local information such as stresses near holes or edges. Two important, complementary regions of such structures, have been studied, namely, the interior where there are no steep stress gradients, and the edge zone(s) where stress gradients are high. For both regions, simplified, cost-effective asymptotic methods have been developed. These considerations are particularly important in layered, anisotropic structures because many investigators have (1) claimed that higher-order (and hence computationally expensive) beam, plate, or shell theories are needed for such structures and (2) not paid sufficient attention to the particularly severe end effects (breakdown of Saint-Venant's principle) such structures engender. (MM)

Descriptors :   *EDGES, *FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES, *REINFORCING MATERIALS, *THIN WALLS, AIRCRAFT, COST EFFECTIVENESS, STRESS ANALYSIS, GUN BARRELS, LOADS(FORCES), ELASTIC PROPERTIES, COMPOSITE STRUCTURES, HELICOPTERS, BUCKLING, FILAMENTS, RIFLES, ROCKET ENGINE CASES.

Subject Categories : Laminates and Composite Materials

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE