Accession Number : ADA290824

Title :   The Effects of Three Dimensional Imposed Disturbances on Bluff Body Near Wake Flows.

Corporate Author : IMPERIAL COLL OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE LONDON (UNITED KINGDOM)

Personal Author(s) : Tombazis, Nicholas ; Bearman, Peter

PDF Url : ADA290824

Report Date : APR 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 208

Abstract : The three-dimensionality of the near wake of bluff bodies at high Reynolds numbers is studied experimentally. Measurements were carried out in a 0.91 mx O.91m wind tunnel (for Re =20000 to 60000) and flow visualisation in a O.6mx O.6m water flume (for Re=2500). The main purpose is to identify inherent three-dimensional features that may also arise in nominally two-dimensional flows. In order to fix the three-dimensional effects in both time and space, a mild, periodic, geometrical disturbance was imposed on the otherwise two-dimensional geometry of a model with a blunt trailing edge. The trailing edge thus followed a sinusoidal pattern, but a straight edge model was also studied for comparison purposes. Quantitative measurements and flow visualisation revealed that a dual shedding frequency characteristic prevails in the wake of the sinusoidal model. Base drag shows a noticeable drop (in comparison to the straight edge model). Most of the activity seems to happen in the region of the peak, where the dual frequency characteristic is more apparent and also the base drag shows its largest variations. Flow visualisation showed different modes of vortex shedding to exist. Vortical structures in the x- and z- directions were observed for both models. WZ vortices are present in the near wake. It is believed that the observed vortices are responsible for the intense base pressure fluctuations and gradients, and also for thin wisps appearing between Karman' vortices in flow visualisation. (AN)

Descriptors :   *VORTEX SHEDDING, *WAKE, *THREE DIMENSIONAL FLOW, PRESSURE GRADIENTS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, PEAK VALUES, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, COMPARISON, VORTICES, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, FLOW VISUALIZATION, CYLINDRICAL BODIES, POSITION FINDING, WIND TUNNEL TESTS, PERTURBATIONS, TWO DIMENSIONAL FLOW, DRAG, DUAL MODE, NEAR FIELD, REYNOLDS NUMBER, BLUNT BODIES, GREAT BRITAIN, BASE PRESSURE, TRAILING EDGES, BASE FLOW, VARIABLE PRESSURE.

Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE