Accession Number : ADA290826

Title :   A Cluster Beam Study of Boron Oxide Chemistry With HF.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK AT STONY BROOK DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Smolanoff, J. ; Lapicki, A. ; Anderson, S.

PDF Url : ADA290826

Report Date : 26 DEC 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 38

Abstract : Using an improved version of the Cluster Beam technique, we have probed the chemistry of B(x)O(y)H(z)+ clusters with HF as a function of the B:O:H stoichiometry of the cluster reactant. Reactant compositions were varied from pure boron to stoichiometric oxide, with and without added hydrogen. Boron oxide clusters react with HF at about 50% efficiency and the collision energy dependence suggests that the reaction is sterically hindered, i.e. reaction occurs primarily at certain sites in the oxide network. The principle reaction is attack by the HF on a terminal BO group, followed by loss of fragments such as FBOH and FBO. Addition of a single hydrogen atom has a significant effect on the chemistry. The products of the reaction (and probably the mechanism) are similar to those for the pure oxides, but the reactivity is substantially reduced. We propose that the hydrogen atom blocks a reactive site on the cluster, thereby reducing the reactivity. Pure boron clusters react by addition of HF, followed by elimination of fragments such as BF and HBF. For small clusters the reaction is efficient, but we see activation barriers grow in for the larger clusters, suggesting that there may be activation barriers for boron surface-HF reactions as well. In contrast to the situation for the oxides, addition of hydrogen to the pure boron clusters generally increases the reactivity with HF. (jg)

Descriptors :   *HYDROGEN, *CHEMISTRY, *CLUSTERING, *FLUORIDES, *BORON OXIDES, ACTIVATION, NETWORKS, SITES, ENERGY, REACTIVITIES, ATOMS, PURITY, OXIDES, RESPONSE, BARRIERS, LOSSES, ELIMINATION, STOICHIOMETRY, FRAGMENTS, COLLISIONS.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE