Accession Number : ADA291289

Title :   Biodiversity and the Threatened/Endangered/Sensitive Species of Fort Irwin CA: The National Training Center Mission, Training Effects, and Options for Natural Resources Management and Mitigation.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept.,

Corporate Author : CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL

Personal Author(s) : Krzysik, Anthony J.

PDF Url : ADA291289

Report Date : SEP 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 118

Abstract : Properly designed and implemented inventory, assessment, and monitoring programs are important components of environmental compliance for U.S. Army training installations. In earlier work, a statistically rigorous and quantitative assessment and monitoring program for arid and semiarid ecosystems was developed and initiated in the Mojave Desert. The program was implemented in March 1983 at Fort Irwin, CA, the Army's National Training Center (NTC), to monitor woody perennial vegetation and vertebrate populations. Data from that program, and ongoing work by the author, have produced analytical capabilities to quantitatively assess the effects of training activities on ecosystems at landscape scales. Such assessments are needed to determine environmental mitigation and management priorities, and future monitoring and research needs. This report describes the biological and geophysical characteristics and environment of Fort Irwin, describes the Army training mission at the NTC, and summarizes the effects of the military training mission at Fort Irwin on woody vegetation and the vertebrate fauna. A detailed assessment of the current status of threatened, endangered, and sensitive animals and plants is also given. Priorities for environmental management, mitigation, research, and monitoring at Fort Irwin-based on sound ecological principles and the author's cumulative research in the Mojave Desert ecosystem-are discussed. -BKA

Descriptors :   *ARMY TRAINING, *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, *ECOSYSTEMS, *RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, *ENDANGERED SPECIES, *NOISE POLLUTION, TEST AND EVALUATION, COMMUNITIES, MONITORING, NATURAL RESOURCES, ARMY FACILITIES, TERRAIN, SENSITIVITY, TOPOGRAPHY, POPULATION, GEOLOGY, GROUND WATER, SURFACE WATERS, PLANT GROWTH, VERTEBRATES, CLIMATE, CALIFORNIA, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, RAINFALL, SITE INVESTIGATIONS, WETLANDS, VEGETATION, WATER RESOURCES, HABITATS, DESERTS, SOIL CLASSIFICATION, WILDLIFE, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, GEOGRAPHY, RUNOFF, EROSION RESISTANCE, FLOOD PLAINS, INVENTORY ANALYSIS, DAMAGE CONTROL.

Subject Categories : Ecology
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Environmental Health and Safety
      Noise Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE