Accession Number : ADA291489

Title :   Relationships Between Hexachloroethane Obscurant, Zinc Deposition, and Foliar Injury of Several Forest Tree Species.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 88-May 91,

Corporate Author : GEO-CENTERS INC FORT WASHINGTON MD

Personal Author(s) : Sadusky, Maria C. ; Simini, Michael ; Skelly, John M. ; Checkai, Ronald T.

PDF Url : ADA291489

Report Date : JAN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : Open-top chambers were used to determine the relationships between a hexachloroethane (HC) obscurant, zinc deposition, and foliar injury of tree species indigenous to military training facilities. Eight eastern U.S. tree species were exposed four times to three exposure regimens (Ox, lx, 2x) of the obscurant, measured as Zn, during the 1990 growing season. Plots received ambient or charcoal-filtered air for comparison purposes. Black locust and black cherry were the most sensitive species, exhibiting significant (p C 0.05) necrotic leaf spot, chlorotic mottle, and marginal necrosis of leaves at the 2x levels throughout the season. Defoliation was also greater (p < 0.05) in exposed versus unexposed plots. Sugar maple injury was different among exposure regimens (p C 0.05) only near the end of the season. Sweet gum, eastern white pine, loblolly pine, and Virginia pine were asymptomatic. Charcoal filtration did not affect severity of symptoms. Zinc deposition was positively correlated (p < 0.05) with most of the symptoms on black locust and black cherry. The BC obscurant in the concentrations used in this study adversely affected these species.

Descriptors :   *TOXICITY, *SMOKE MUNITIONS, *TREES, *ZINC, *CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, *PHYTOTOXICITY, VIRGINIA, MILITARY FACILITIES, EXPOSURE(GENERAL), SENSITIVITY, DEPOSITION, MILITARY TRAINING, PLOTTING, FORESTS, FILTRATION, SEASONS, CHARCOAL, CHLOROETHANES, DEFOLIATION.

Subject Categories : Pyrotechnics
      Biology
      Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Processing

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE