Accession Number : ADA291616

Title :   Joint Operations in the Gulf War. An Allison Analysis.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIRPOWER STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Carpenter, P. M.

PDF Url : ADA291616

Report Date : FEB 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 93

Abstract : To what extent was the effectiveness of joint operations in the Gulf War influenced by individual service perspectives? This study uses Graham Allison's three models of bureaucratic behavior (Model I, Rational Actor; Model II, Organizational Process; and Model III, Bureaucratic Politics) to answer this question. The value of interservice integration has been recognized for a long time. The Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (Goldwater Nichols Act) made significant strides in integrating the services at the most senior levels. That is, it effected the component commanders and above. The study concludes that, in general, at the component commander level and above during Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, rational decisions were made and rational actions were implemented to prosecute the war (Model I behavior). The Goldwater-Nichols legislation did not make as much headway, however, in integrating the services below the level of component commander. Unlike the most senior levels of command, decisions made and actions taken were not always implemented for the most rational reason. For the most part, decisions and actions were Model I. But at times, decisions and actions were not optimal because the decisionmaker/actor lacked information, had a different service perspective, and/or inadequately understood and empathized with members of the other services (primarily Model II, but with traces of Model III as well). Based on these findings, the study suggests that in order to continue to improve interservice integration, we need to teach concepts of service integration early in an officer's career, expand joint interaction and provide some additional standardization among theaters.

Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING, *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, *MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), MILITARY OPERATIONS, WARFARE, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, INTEGRATED SYSTEMS, POLITICAL SCIENCE, LESSONS LEARNED, MODELS, MILITARY DOCTRINE, INTERACTIONS, OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, LONG RANGE(TIME), CAREERS, INTEGRATION, COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, STANDARDIZATION, BEHAVIOR, OFFICER PERSONNEL, MILITARY COMMANDERS, LEGISLATION, ORGANIZATION THEORY, ROLES(BEHAVIOR).

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Administration and Management
      Government and Political Science
      Command, Control and Communications Systems
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE