Accession Number : ADA292326

Title :   An Analysis of Anthropometric Differences Among Occupational Groups in the U.S. Army.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Dec 91-Jul 92,

Corporate Author : ARMY NATICK RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER MA

Personal Author(s) : Greiner, Thomas M. ; Gordon, Claire C. ; Carson, Elizabeth A.

PDF Url : ADA292326

Report Date : JAN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 73

Abstract : This report addresses the design relevance of anthropometric differences among occupation groups in the U.S. Army. The analysis is based upon the examination of 15 body dimensions of Army enlisted men and women within 10 broadly defined occupation groups (Career Management Fields or CMFs). The membership of each occupation group comprises unique age, race, and sex proportions. Statistical analyses (ANOVA) show that observed differences among CMFs were most strongly associated with these demographic proportions. Still, observable anthropometric differences among groups were very small. Clothing and equipment designs would have to be extremely sensitive to be influences by these differences. These findings suggest that the anthropometric relationships among CMFs may change as the demographic proportions of the Army population change. Thus, it appears that clothing and equipment designers should be more concerned with the impact of anthropometric differences due to race and sex than to the differences among occupation groups.

Descriptors :   *STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, *ANTHROPOMETRY, JOBS, MANAGEMENT, ARMY PERSONNEL, ENLISTED PERSONNEL, DEMOGRAPHY, POPULATION, CAREERS, MALES, ARMY, CLOTHING, WOMEN, SEX.

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Statistics and Probability
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE