Accession Number : ADA292726

Title :   Studies of C60, C70 and Other Fullerenes: Synthesis, Derivatization, Electrochemistry, Lubricant Properties and New Composite Materials.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY FOREIGN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CENTER CHARLOTTESVILLE VA

Personal Author(s) : Smalley, R. E. ; Margrave, J. L. ; Hauge, R. H. ; Wilson, L. J. ; Billups, W. E.

PDF Url : ADA292726

Report Date : FEB 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 37

Abstract : New designs for fullerene generators have been developed, including systems for producing endohedral species with metals inside the C60 or C70 cages. Also, focussed solar energy has been utilized for fullerene production. Electrochemical studies have led to the identification of C60(-1), C60(-2), C60(-6) ions and utilized for preparation of superconducting K3C60. Birch reductions of C60 and C70 led to C60H30 and C70H30 respectively. Adducts of C60 with tetraphenylcyclopentadienone and with cyclopropananaphthalene are described, and low-temperature reactions of C60 with H2 and with energetic nitrogen ion beams are reported. C60 does not appear to enhance the lubricity of motor oil formulations. The vapor pressure has been measured and it is estimated that the total pressure reaches one atmosphere at c.a. 1523K. jg

Descriptors :   *ELECTROCHEMISTRY, *FULLERENES, *CARBON, *LUBRICANTS, METALS, LOW TEMPERATURE, PRODUCTION, SYNTHESIS, COMPOSITE MATERIALS, FORMULATIONS, ION BEAMS, NITROGEN, HYDROGEN, OXIDES, CHEMICAL REACTIONS, ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, GENERATORS, OILS, VAPOR PRESSURE, ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, PHENYL RADICALS, MOTORS, ANIONS, POTASSIUM, CYCLIC COMPOUNDS, PROPANE, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, KETONES, NAPHTHALENES.

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Laminates and Composite Materials
      Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE