Accession Number : ADA292900

Title :   Training Dismounted Soldiers in Virtual Environments: Route Learning and Transfer.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan 93-Sep 94,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ORLANDO FL ORLANDO FIELD UNIT*

Personal Author(s) : Witmer, Bob C. ; Bailey, John H. ; Knerr, Bruce W.

PDF Url : ADA292900

Report Date : FEB 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 59

Abstract : The U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) is conducting a research program with the goal of using virtual environments (VE) to train dismounted soldiers. To accomplish this goal, the conditions necessary for transfer of training from VE to real world environments must be identified. This paper describes an experiment in which a VE computer model of a large office building is used to train spatial knowledge as it relates to learning routes through that building. This task is especially relevant to mission rehearsal of a hostage rescue attempt or other missions performed by Special Operations Forces. Sixty college students studied directions and photographs of landmarks for a complex route, then rehearsed the route using either the VE model, the actual building, or verbal directions and photographs. Everyone was then tested in the actual building. Building-trained students made fewer wrong turns than did VE-trained students, who in turn made fewer wrong turns and took less time to traverse the route than did verbally trained students. The results indicate that individuals can learn how to navigate through real world places by training in a virtual environment.

Descriptors :   *COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *ARMY TRAINING, *VIRTUAL REALITY, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), ENVIRONMENTS, ARMY RESEARCH, MODELS, STUDENTS, HOSTAGES, RESCUES, ORIENTATION(DIRECTION), ROUTING, LEARNING, PHOTOGRAPHS, SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES, NAVIGATION REFERENCE, VERBAL BEHAVIOR, TRANSFER OF TRAINING.

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Computer Programming and Software
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Unconventional Warfare

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE