Accession Number : ADA293104

Title :   On the Types of Balancing Behavior.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Bendel, Thomas R.

PDF Url : ADA293104

Report Date : DEC 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 113

Abstract : The structure of the international system underwent a fundamental change with the end of the Cold War. The shift from bipolarity to multipolarity has loosened many of the constraints on the balancing behavior of the states that make up that system. Using neorealist theory, this paper examines the balancing choices of states in a multipolar world. Neorealism is clear in suggesting that under bipolarity, the great powers' balancing choice was inclined toward internal balancing-the development of one's own economic or military power. In a multipolar system, however, great powers will have greater opportunities for external balancing--allying with other powers. Additionally, the presence of nuclear weapons provides small states with the ability to balance against great powers. This may lead them to abandon their traditional reliance on alliances with great powers as the primary means for providing for their security. The European states system during the period 1856-1878 is presented as a case study. Findings suggest that those states with the capability to balance internally will do so. Using that knowledge, it is predicted that, in the current era, internal balancing will also be apparent with the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction as a consequence. (RWJ)

Descriptors :   *NATIONAL SECURITY, *INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, *ECONOMICS, *POLITICAL ALLIANCES, *MULTIPOLARITY, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, FOREIGN POLICY, EUROPE, NATIONS, POLITICAL SCIENCE, DECISION MAKING, WEAPON SYSTEMS, THEORY, THESES, CASE STUDIES, INTERNAL, COLD WAR, HISTORY, MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPONS, BEHAVIOR, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, BALANCE OF POWER.

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Defense Systems
      Administration and Management
      Humanities and History
      Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE