Accession Number : ADA293266

Title :   Pollution Warfare--A New Challenge for the Commander.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI DEPT OF OPERATIONS

Personal Author(s) : Williamson, Wayne J.

PDF Url : ADA293266

Report Date : 12 FEB 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : During the Persian Gulf War, the United States encountered pollution warfare for the first time. It entailed the intentional release of millions of gallons of oil into the Persian Gulf and the ignition of over five hundred oil wells in Kuwait. This paper examines the effects of pollution warfare on operations during Desert Storm. It also looks at potential forms of pollution warfare that were not used during Desert Shield/Desert Storm. The cost of environmental restoration and its impact on both the strategic and operational level of war are addressed. Finally, recommendations are proposed to limit the effects of pollution warfare.

Descriptors :   *TOXIC HAZARDS, *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, *UNCONVENTIONAL WARFARE, MILITARY OPERATIONS, IRAQ, KUWAIT, PERSIAN GULF, WATER POLLUTION, IGNITION, FIRES, CRUDE OIL, OIL WELLS.

Subject Categories : Unconventional Warfare
      Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE