Accession Number : ADA293440

Title :   The Evolution of the U.S. Army Infantry Squad; Where do we go From Here? Determining the Optimum Infantry Squad Organization for the Future.

Descriptive Note : Monograph rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Hughes, Stephen E.

PDF Url : ADA293440

Report Date : 17 DEC 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 54

Abstract : An undeniable trend in modern warfare that has influenced how the infantry is organized and how it fights is the increasing dispersion of the battlefield. The primary source of this trend has been the evolution of technology which has resulted in increasingly decentralized operations. This led to the birth of the infantry squad as an independent maneuver element. This study traces the evolution of the infantry squad in the American Army from WW2 until the present. It analyses the lessons from combat as well as numerous studies and tests that influenced how the Army changed the make-up of the squad and explain why the squad has its present organization. The study then turns from the past to examine the nature of future conflict and the role of the infantry in it. It examines the newest technologies and how they will likely be incorporated at the infantry squad level. Finally, the study examines the triangular infantry squad organization proposed by the United States Army Infantry School. The proposal is pan of a plan to restructure the infantry force to take it into the next century. The study reveals that the proposed squad organization is not original but has been used successfully by the U.S. Marines as well as the armies of other nations in the recent past. The elements of combat power are used to compare the proposed organization with the present one. The study determines that the triangular squad is superior in all the criteria and should be tested in the field for validation. (AN)

Descriptors :   *INFANTRY, *SQUAD LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, MILITARY HISTORY, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, LAND WARFARE, OPTIMIZATION, LESSONS LEARNED, DISPERSING, LEADERSHIP, STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, VALIDATION, ARMY PERSONNEL, BATTLEFIELDS, TEAMS(PERSONNEL), MORALE, MANEUVERS, ARMY OPERATIONS, MILITARY TACTICS, ORGANIZATION THEORY, DECENTRALIZATION.

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE