Accession Number : ADA293470

Title :   A Qualitative Evaluation of Reasons for Enlisting in the Military. Interviews with New Active-Duty Recruits.

Corporate Author : DEFENSE MANPOWER DATA CENTER ARLINGTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Ginexi, Elizabeth M. ; Miller, Alison E. ; Tarver, Steve M.

PDF Url : ADA293470

Report Date : 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 49

Abstract : Past enlistment decision research indicates that individuals join the military for a variety of economic and psychological reasons. By evaluating interview data collected from new recruits, the present study sought to understand the enlistment decision process by grouping recruits according to their enlistment reasons. The data in this report were collected as a part of an in depth interview effort by the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC). New recruits were interviewed at selected U.S. military entrance processing stations in six locations. Human Resources Research Organization (HumRRO) Initially analyzed the data and provided a structured presentation of the findings. The present paper discusses a second analytic effort that sought to supplement the HumRRO analysis. Eight frequently mentioned motivations underlying the recruits' enlistment decision were identified: Historical Interest, Self Improvement, Job/Skill Training, Money for Education, Floundering, Time Out, Get Away/Escape, and No Other Jobs Prospects. Other influential factors included the desire for job security, benefits, travel, challenge,meeting new people, and serving the country. Additionally, experiences with recruiters appeared to play a role in the decision making process. Finally, the level of personal independence and 'goal orientedness' of each individual helped to shape his or her reasons for joining the military.

Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING, *RECRUITING, *MANPOWER, *RECRUITS, TEST AND EVALUATION, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), HUMAN RESOURCES, CAREERS, SURVEYS, MILITARY RESEARCH, INFORMATION CENTERS, ACTIVE DUTY, MILITARY TRAINING, MOTIVATION, PERSONNEL RETENTION, MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY, INTERVIEWING.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Psychology
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE