Accession Number : ADA293474

Title :   Ballistic Missile Defense. Computation of Number of Patriot PAC-3 Interceptors Needed is Flawed,

Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV

Personal Author(s) : Spencer, J. K. ; Crowl, Bob ; Lipscomb, Stan ; Gill, Leon ; Thompson, Troy

PDF Url : ADA293474

Report Date : MAR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : The theater missile defense mission is to protect U.S. forces deployed overseas and U.S. allies and friends from theater ballistic missile attacks. According to BMDO, an improved defense capability is urgently needed because of the increasing proliferation of theater ballistic missile weapon systems and technology to countries with the potential to threaten U.S. and allied theaters of operations. BMDO has established as its top priority a "core program" of improvements for TMD consisting of the Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), seabased lower tier, and PAC-3. During the past decade, there have been a series of upgrades to give the Patriot, which was originally designed to destroy aircraft, a capability against theater ballistic missiles. In July 1988, Patriot was modified to give it an initial ballistic missile defense capability, called PAC-1. During Operation Desert Storm in 1991, a new version of the Patriot interceptor, called PAC-2, was deployed to defend against Iraqi Scud missiles. The Army also began the Guidance Enhancement Missile (GEM) program to make interim engineering improvements to the Patriot interceptor. Army plans call for 345 GEM interceptors, with initial delivery scheduled in 1995. (MM)

Descriptors :   *ANTIMISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEMS, *SURFACE TO AIR MISSILES, IRAQ, GUIDED MISSILE LAUNCHERS, HIGH ALTITUDE, INTERCEPTORS, MILITARY PROCUREMENT, AREA DEFENSE, SURFACE TO SURFACE MISSILES, FIRE CONTROL RADAR.

Subject Categories : Antimissile Defense Systems
      Surface-launched Guided Missiles

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE