Accession Number : ADA293696

Title :   The Operational Art of Attack and Pursuit Aviation, 1917-1944.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI DEPT OF OPERATIONS

Personal Author(s) : Glade, David B., II

PDF Url : ADA293696

Report Date : 13 FEB 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : Airpower provides support to ground forces by applying elements of operational art. Air operational art formed between the beginning of World War I and the end of World War II. The Air Corps Tactical School developed and taught the principles of attack and pursuit aviation for the support of ground forces. These principles include all the elements of operational fires and operational protection and are known today as interdiction and counterair. These doctrines were tested in exercises with the Army between 1931 and 1934 but not in combat until World War II. The doctrines were combat-tested soon after America's entry into North Africa. From November 1942 until May 1943 heavy, medium and fighter bombers successfully applied operational fires to Axis lines of communication and were accompanied by pursuit aircraft which provided operational protection. The interdiction of Axis supply and isolation of forces in Africa helped force the Axis retreat from Africa in May, 1943. Beginning in April, 1944, Allied bombers and fighters began attacking targets in northern France, particularly the rail network. These operational fires successfully isolated the Operation Overlord landing sites by destroying and delaying German supplies and reinforcements. Allied aircraft provided operational protection over the landing areas on D-Day, although there was little Luftwaffe resistance. The interdiction continued after the invasion, and was decisive in delaying reinforcements and in facilitating the breakout from the lodgement.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *PURSUIT COURSES, *AIR POWER, MILITARY OPERATIONS, MILITARY HISTORY, WARFARE, AIR FORCE, GLOBAL, IRAQ, AIRCRAFT, SCHOOLS, NETWORKS, INFANTRY, RAILS, INTERDICTION, ATTACK, AERONAUTICS, FRANCE, PROTECTION, JET FIGHTERS, LANDING FIELDS, FIRES, SUPPLIES, AFRICA, GERMANY(EAST AND WEST), NORTH AFRICA, FIGHTER BOMBERS.

Subject Categories : Antiaircraft Defense Systems
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE