Accession Number : ADA293865

Title :   Operational Art and the Counterinsurgency Program in the Vietnam War.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Wilcox, Clayton S.

PDF Url : ADA293865

Report Date : 13 FEB 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 19

Abstract : Operational art was applied during the American counterinsurgency campaign in the Vietnam War. The campaign reflected the employment of operational art in the coordination and conduct of a variety of programs designed to achieve the pacification of the rural population and the destruction of the enemy's means to make war both militarily and politically. Operational art was not uniformly applied to the pacification program, and it was only after the formation of the Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development and Support organization that it could be applied. The pacification program became effective only after this operational level coordinating body provided coherency to a program long plagued by a lack of focus and resources. U.S. efforts in the operational level planning of a comprehensive pacification program taught that the military must possess flexibility, a wide repertoire of skills, and an ability to adapt to changing circumstances. Strict reliance on firepower, mobility, and technology ignores the primacy of the political element of counterinsurgency and in so doing may yield the initiative to the enemy. (RWJ)

Descriptors :   *MILITARY PLANNING, *CIVIL AFFAIRS, *LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT, *COUNTERINSURGENCY, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), MOBILITY, MILITARY HISTORY, WARFARE, POLITICAL SCIENCE, SKILLS, MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), POLITICAL ALLIANCES, JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, COLD WAR, FIREPOWER, SPECIAL FORCES, PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE, MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, COMMUNISM, POLITICAL REVOLUTION, VIETNAM, RURAL AREAS, SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES, GUERRILLA WARFARE, INDIGENOUS POPULATION, COMMUNIST COUNTRIES.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Unconventional Warfare
      Humanities and History
      Psychology
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Defense Systems
      Military Intelligence

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE