Accession Number : ADA293883

Title :   Atomic Fountain Microwave Clock.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Aug 91-31 Jul 93,

Corporate Author : STANFORD UNIV CA DEPT OF PHYSICS

Personal Author(s) : Chu, Steven

PDF Url : ADA293883

Report Date : 07 JUL 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 6

Abstract : The grant as in support of a research program to explore the possibility of a microwave atomic clock based on an atomic fountain of cesium atoms. During the two year granting period, the following work was done: A large magneto-optic trap in a vapor cell was constructed where over 4x 10(exp 10) atoms were trapped at a density on the order of 10(exp 11) atoms/cu cm. This work increased the number of atoms optically trapped by a factor of -400 compared to previous work. The optical density of the atoms in this trap has a peak attenuation of e(-175). In an invited review article we examined the prospects for slow atom frequency standards. Most of the systematic effects that limit the current accuracy today's frequency standards decrease as the velocity of the atoms is reduced. We identified the one possible exception: collisions between ultra-cold atom in an atomic fountain could induce a phase shift that would ultimately limit the accuracy of the fountain clock. We brought the problem to the attention of B. Verhaar, who began a series of calculations on the effects of low energy collisions. jg p.4

Descriptors :   *MICROWAVES, *ATOMIC CLOCKS, VELOCITY, DENSITY, OPTICAL PROPERTIES, COMPUTATIONS, CLOCKS, VAPORS, CELLS, MAGNETOOPTICS, ACCURACY, ATOMS, CESIUM, LOW ENERGY, COLLISIONS, PHASE SHIFT, FREQUENCY STANDARDS.

Subject Categories : Radiofrequency Wave Propagation
      Physical Chemistry
      Electricity and Magnetism
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
      Optics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE