Accession Number : ADA293940
Title : Establishing Construct Validity for Integrity Tests.
Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. 1 Sep 92-30 Jun 93,
Corporate Author : IOWA UNIV IOWA CITY COLL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Personal Author(s) : Ones, Deniz S.
PDF Url : ADA293940
Report Date : JUN 1993
Pagination or Media Count : 217
Abstract : This dissertation presents extensive evidence related to convergent and discriminant validity of integrity tests in general. The results from both the primary data analyses, and the meta-analyses display significant convergent validity for all integrity tests. The presence of a general factor across integrity tests is confirmed. Of the Big Five dimensions of personality, conscientiousness was found to have the most overlap with integrity tests. However, a more accurate identification of counterproductive individuals is possible by considering scores on agreeableness and emotional stability. It appears that the higher predictive validity of integrity tests arise from the fact that they tap constructs broader than just narrow and construct limited conscientiousness as measured by mainstream personality inventories. With integrity tests, the increased breadth of predictor construct coverage translates itself info better prediction in personnel selection. Both overt and personality-based integrity test scores seem to be correlated with age. This indicates that younger individuals have the potential to more counterproductive employees, possibly due to youthful indiscretions and experimentation. Integrity and gender are also correlated. On average, females score higher than males. Overt integrity test scores may be correlated with race (with minorities scoring higher). However, the same results do not apply to personality-based integrity tests. It is dear that using integrity tests in personnel selection, either overt or personality-based ones, will not cause adverse impact. Integrity test scores and ability test scores are uncorrelated. Using integrity tests in conjunction with measures of ability can lead to substantial incremental validity for all job complexity levels.
Descriptors : *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *BEHAVIOR, *PERSONNEL SELECTION, *JOB ANALYSIS, TEST AND EVALUATION, DATA PROCESSING, STABILITY, JOBS, PREDICTIONS, VALIDATION, PERFORMANCE TESTS, MINORITIES, ACCURACY, IDENTIFICATION, ADVERSE CONDITIONS, CONVERGENCE, MALES, OVERLAP, PERSONALITY, APTITUDE TESTS, SCORING, FEMALES, DISCRIMINATE ANALYSIS, EMOTIONS.
Subject Categories : Psychology
Personnel Management and Labor Relations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE