Accession Number : ADA294051

Title :   Effect of Crew Composition on AH-64 Attack Helicopter Mission Performance and Flight Safety.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jun 93-Jul 94,

Corporate Author : DYNAMICS RESEARCH CORP WILMINGTON MA

Personal Author(s) : Grubb, Gary N. ; Simon, Robert A. ; Leedom, Dennis K. ; Zeller, Joseph L.

PDF Url : ADA294051

Report Date : APR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 80

Abstract : This report evaluates battle rostering (pairing crew members on a long-term basis) by comparing AH-64 attack helicopter crews when flying in battle-rosterized and mixed crew compositions. Participants in the experiments were AH-64 attack helicopter standardization instructor pilots and 12 battle-rostered aircrews consisting of a pilot and a copilot gunner. All participants received training in-the Army's Aircrew Coordination Exportable Training Package as a prerequisite for the experiment. Participating aviators conducted two missions in a battle-rostered crew and two missions in a mixed crew. Discussion and analysis of crew performance are presented as measures of behavior, task performance, mission performance, and participant exit interview comments. The experiment concluded that minimal evidence exists to show that battle rostering provides meaningful improvements in the mission performance or flight safety of crew coordination-trained aircrews. Battle rostering drawbacks include overconfidence and increased reliance on implicit communication and coordination. The report recommends implementing actions to improve mission effectiveness and flight safety and follow-on research to better understand and capitalize on the strengths of crew and team coordination.

Descriptors :   *ATTACK HELICOPTERS, *AVIATION SAFETY, JOBS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), PILOTS, CREWS, MISSIONS, STRENGTH(GENERAL), MIXING, EXITS, GUNNERS, INTERVIEWING.

Subject Categories : Military Aircraft Operations
      Attack and Fighter Aircraft

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE