Accession Number : ADA294431
Title : Software Dependability in the Operational Phase.
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,
Corporate Author : ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA COORDINATED SCIENCE LAB
Personal Author(s) : Lee, Inhwan
PDF Url : ADA294431
Report Date : MAY 1995
Pagination or Media Count : 121
Abstract : Software quality should be built-in and maintained throughout the software life cycle, which requires understanding of software dependability in actual environments. This thesis discusses how to develop analysis techniques for evaluating the dependability of operational software using real measurements while taking design issues into account. The issues addressed include fault categorization and characterization of error propagation, symptom-based diagnosis of recurrent software failures, identification of software fault tolerance, evaluation of the impact of software faults on the overall system, and the development of techniques for analyzing multiway failure dependencies among software and hardware modules. The process is illustrated using a case study of the Tandem GUARDIAN operating system. Using process pairs in Tandem systems, which was originally intended for tolerating hardware faults, allows the system to tolerate about 70% of reported faults in the system software that cause processor failures. The loose coupling between processors, which results in the backup execution (the processor state and the sequence of events) being different from the original execution, is a major reason for the measured software fault tolerance. About 72% of reported field software failures in Tandem systems are recurrences of previously reported faults. In addition to the conventional approach of reducing the number of faults in software, software dependability in Tandem systems can be enhanced by reducing the recurrence rate and by improving the robustness of process pairs and the system configuration. An approach for automatically diagnosing recurrences based on their symptoms is developed.
Descriptors : *QUALITY ASSURANCE, *COMPUTER PROGRAM RELIABILITY, TEST AND EVALUATION, COUPLING(INTERACTION), PROPAGATION, MEASUREMENT, POSITION(LOCATION), DETECTION, IMPACT, THESES, PROCESSING EQUIPMENT, SEQUENCES, CASE STUDIES, CONFIGURATIONS, ERRORS, LIFE CYCLES, MATCHING, FAULT TOLERANCE, FIELD CONDITIONS, FAULTS, FAILURE(ELECTRONICS).
Subject Categories : Computer Programming and Software
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE