Accession Number : ADA294642

Title :   Pain Predictors in Selected Postoperative Patients.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Degner, Dean F.

PDF Url : ADA294642

Report Date : APR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 89

Abstract : This descriptive study described postoperative pain for 106 patients in a midwestern metropolitan hospital undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA, n = 21), total knee arthroplasty (TKA, n = 44), or microlumbar discectomy (MLD, n = 41); and ascertained factors that predicted postoperative pain. Postoperative pain was assessed using the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) and a "0" to "10" Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). Postoperative pain was described as most intense during the first 28 hours following surgery (MLD M = 4.0, THA M = 3.1, TKA M = 4.3), and intermittently throughout the first 3 postoperative days during periods of decreased pain medications. Preceding pain intensity ratings were the strongest predictors of subsequent postoperative pain intensity ratings (Beta = .29 to .70). This study indicates more attention should be focused on preceding pain intensity ratings and more adequate analgesia in the immediate postoperative period.

Descriptors :   *RECOVERY, *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *PAIN, *PATIENTS, *KNEE(ANATOMY), PREDICTIONS, INTENSITY, RATINGS, HOSPITALS, QUESTIONNAIRES, JOINTS(ANATOMY), HIP, URBAN AREAS, ANALGESIA, PLASTIC SURGERY.

Subject Categories : Biology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE