Accession Number : ADA294671

Title :   Energetics of Semiconductor Electrode/Solution Interfaces: EQCM Evidence For Charge-Compensating Cation Adsorption and Intercalation During Accumulation Layer Formation in the Titanium Dioxide/Acetonitrile System.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Lynn, L. A. ; Hupp, Joseph T.

PDF Url : ADA294671

Report Date : 31 MAY 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 15

Abstract : Combined reflectance, electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance and conventional voltammetric measurements on high area titanium dioxide electrodes in dry, electrolyte-containing solutions of acetonitrile show that electron accumulation layer formation is coupled directly to irreversible intercalation (e.g. Li+ or Na+) or to quasi-reversible adsorption (tetraethylammonium ion) of charge compensating cations. Difficulty in achieving intercalation with these ions appears to account for the extreme negative shift of the flatband potential in acetonitrile, in comparison to aqueous solutions. More generally, the charge compensation based adsorption/intercalation phenomenon appears to play a key role in defining the conduction band edge energetics of titanium dioxide and presumably other metal. jg

Descriptors :   *SOLUTIONS(MIXTURES), *ACETONITRILE, *INTERFACES, *ELECTROCHEMISTRY, *SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES, *ELECTRODES, *ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, *TITANIUM DIOXIDE, IONS, METALS, CATIONS, LAYERS, WATER, ADSORPTION, EDGES, CRYSTALS, CHARGED PARTICLES, ELECTRONS, QUARTZ, SOLUTIONS(GENERAL), SHIFTING, AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS, CONDUCTION BANDS, REFLECTANCE, COMPENSATION, ACCUMULATION, VOLTAMMETRY, ETHYL RADICALS, MICROBALANCES.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Organic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Electrical and Electronic Equipment
      Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE