Accession Number : ADA294734

Title :   Susceptibility of ABS, FEP, FRE, FRP, PTFE, and PVC Well Casings to Degradation by Chemicals.

Descriptive Note : Special rept.,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH

Personal Author(s) : Ranney, Thomas A. ; Parker, Louise V.

PDF Url : ADA294734

Report Date : JAN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : This study compares the chemical resistance of four less commonly used materials for casing groundwater monitoring wells: acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP), fiberglass-reinforced epoxy (FRE), and fiberglass-reinforced plastic (FRP), with two more commonly used casing materials: polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). The six materials were exposed to 28 neat organic compounds (including one acid) and to extremely acidic and alkaline conditions for up to 112 days. This was done to simulate some of the most aggressive environments that monitoring well casings may be exposed to. The casings were observed for changes in weight and signs of physical degradation (swelling, softening, decrease in strength, deterioration, or dissolution). As expected, the two fluorinated polymers (FEP and PTFE) were the most inert materials tested. They were not degraded by any of the test chemicals, although samples exposed to a few organic chemicals did show a slight weight gain (approx. 1%). Among the nonfluorinated products tested, FRE was the most inert. Three organic chemicals caused particles to flake from the FRE surface, followed by separation of the glass fibers, and two organic chemicals caused weight gains exceeding 10%. Also, highly acidic conditions (pH<1) degraded this material, and this may limit the use of this material in acidic environments. jg

Descriptors :   *FIBERGLASS, *ACRYLONITRILE POLYMERS, *PROPENES, *BUTADIENES, *WATER WELLS, *FLUORINATED HYDROCARBONS, *ETHYLENES, *POLYVINYL CHLORIDE, *REINFORCED PLASTICS, DEGRADATION, MONITORING, CHEMICALS, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, RESISTANCE, TEST EQUIPMENT, GROUND WATER, PARTICLES, GLASS FIBERS, WEIGHT, GAIN, ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, INERT MATERIALS, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, DETERIORATION, FLUOROPOLYMERS, FLUORINATION, ALKALINITY.

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Polymer Chemistry
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
      Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE